How to Make a Contact Sheet in Photoshop

How to make a contact sheet is an essential skill for students who use Photoshop. A contact sheet is a one-page document that has thumbnails of photos arranged in a grid. It is an excellent way to show multiple images in one publication. It is commonly used to show a summary of images, allowing others to choose their favorite proof from a photo collection. However, this is not its only purpose.

Showcase Student Work Using a Contact Sheet

A contact sheet can be printed. The publication can then be displayed in the school hallway or classroom bulletin board. This is an excellent way to showcase student activities or school work.

As well, a contact sheet can be shared electronically. The file can be exported as either a PDF file or picture file. These can then be shared with friends or family members. The files can be linked or embedded onto a school web page, blog, or social media platform. In addition, the files can also be sent as email attachments.

Photoshop Contact Sheet

Showcase Student Work Using a Contact Sheet

Prepare to Make a Contact Sheet

Prior to completing the How to Make a Contact Sheet Instructions, gather the images for the contact sheet and place them into a folder. You will want the thumbnails to be easily seen. If the purpose of the contact sheet is to showcase student activities or school work, the thumbnails should be fairly large. You may only want to include 4-6 photos. The more photos you plan to include, the smaller the thumbnails will be – making them more difficult to see.

It is a good idea to plan ahead. Consider the grid pattern you intend to use. Based on this decision, select the number of photos. For example, a 2×2 grid requires 4 photos; 2×3 grid requires 6 photos; and a 3×3 grid requires 9 photos.

How to Make a Contact Sheet Instructions

  1. Open Photoshop CC.
  2. From the File menu, click Automate.
  3. Select Contact Sheet II…
  4. Select the files to include in the scrapbook:
    1. From the Use: box, choose Files.
    2. Click Browse… and go to the location of your scrapbook folder.
    3. Select each scrapbook page. Click OK.
    Pick Contact Sheet Files

    Pick Contact Sheet Files

  5. Select the contact sheet options:
    1. In the Document area, set the paper size.
    2. From the Mode box, select CMYK Color.
    3. From the Thumbnails area, set the Columns to 2 and the Rows to 3.
    4. At the bottom of the Contact Sheet II dialog box, decide if you would like to include the Filename as Caption. If you do not, clear the checkbox.
    5. When finished, click OK.
    Customize Contact Sheet Settings

    Customize Contact Sheet Settings

  6. Save as a Photoshop file:
    1. From the File menu, select Save As.
    2. Name the file Contact Sheet.
    3. Select Photoshop as the file type.
    4. Click Save.

  7. Export a file as a PNG:
    1. From the File menu, select Export.
    2. Select Quick Export as a PNG.
    3. Name the file Contact Sheet.
    4. Click Save.

  8. Save as a PDF file:
    1. From the File menu, select Save As.
    2. Name the file Contact Sheet.
    3. Select PDF as the file type.
    4. Click Save.

Contact Sheet, PDF Presentation, or Web Photo Gallery

Photoshop has many output options. How to make a contact sheet is one option. Other options include exporting a Photoshop file as a PDF or picture file. Photoshop can also transform a collection of photos into a PDF presentation with transitions or a web photo gallery. Detailed instructions are available in the technology project TechnoPhotoshop.

Google Sheets Chart Editor Sidebar

Get to know the Google Sheets Chart editor sidebar. The Chart editor sidebar is a pane that organizes chart editing options using collapsible sections. The sidebar allows the chart style, chart and axis titles, series, legend, horizontal axis, vertical axis, and gridlines to be customized. The pane displays different choices depending on chart type.

When customizing a column chart there are 7 sections:

Chart Editor Sections

Discover the features available for each section. Explore the Chart editor sidebar to gain an understanding of the parts of the column chart you can customize.

Customize a Column Chart

  1. Add data to Google sheets. Create a column chart.
  2. To display the Chart editor sidebar, double click the graph.
  3. Click CUSTOMIZE from the Chart editor sidebar.
  4. Chart Style

    Chart style is the appearance of the chart area. It includes the font used for text, background color of the area behind the graph, size of chart, and the style of the columns. When customizing these options, select an easy to read font. In addition, be certain to pick a background color that makes the columns stand out.

    Set the chart style.

    This chart has the Maximize option selected, which places the horizontal and vertical axis titles in the top right corner.

  5. Set the chart style:
    1. Click the Chart style arrow to display the options.
    2. Set the color of the chart area. Click Background color. Pick an option.
    3. Apply a style. Check Maximize to fill the chart area or 3D to have the chart bars look three-dimensional. checkmark blue
    4. Select a Font for the text on the chart.

    Chart & Axis Titles

    Chart and axis titles provide essential information about the data in the graph. The words in the titles can be edited to improve clarity. As well, the font, size, style, and color can be customized to make the text easy to read.

    Set the chart and axis titles.

    The position of the titles is dependent upon the Chart style options selected.

  6. Set the chart title:
    1. Click the Chart & axis titles arrow.
    2. Click the Type arrow, select Chart title.
    3. In the Title text box, type Chart Title.
    4. Customize the appearance of the title. Select a font, font size, format ,
      and text color .
    5. Chart & Axis Titles

  7. To add a chart subtitle, horizontal axis title, or vertical axis title click the Type arrow and make a selection.
  8. Series

    A data series is a row or column of numbers in a worksheet. In a column chart, the series is shown as a set of vertical bars. A simple graph will have one data series, whereas a comparison chart will have two or more data series. The color of the data series can be changed to alter the appearance of the columns. As well, error bars can be applied to the column chart if the graph displays statistical information. Another option is to overlay data labels to identify the value or percentage of each vertical bar, which makes the information easy to understand. As well, a trendline can be applied if the data will be used to study trends or forecast a future value. Pick the options that suit the purpose of your graph.

    data series

    Customize the appearance of the bars in the graph.

  9. Format the series:
    1. Click the Series arrow.
    2. Click the Apply to arrow. Select a data series.
    3. Click Color . Pick an option to set the color of the bars.
    4. Select Left axis or Right axis to move the axis labels.
    5. If the chart displays statistical data you may want to select Error bars and then adjust the settings.
    6. To show values on each bar, check Data labels.
    7. To display a trend or forecast future data, check Trendline and then adjust the settings.
    8. Series


    A legend is a key used to identify the information in a graph. Each data series in a graph has a color. The legend explains what the color represents. If a column chart has one data series, then the legend may not be necessary. However, if there is more than one data series in a graph then the legend should be included.

    Position the legend on the chart.

    Position the legend on the chart.

  10. Position the legend:
    1. Click the Legend arrow.
    2. Select a position. Refer to the tips:
      • None hides the legend.
      • If Maximize was selected as a Chart style option, then most positions will be unavailable.
    3. Select a font, size, format , and text color for the text in the legend.

    position the legend

    Horizontal Axis

    The horizontal axis labels are at the bottom of the column chart and are used to identify the data shown in each vertical bar. The font, size, format, and color of labels can be customized. In addition, the data in the graph can be reversed. Moreover, the labels can be slanted. However, if Maximize was selected as a Chart style option, than the labels will not display on a slant.

    Make the labels for each vertical bar easy to read.

    Format the horizontal axis labels.

  11. Format the horizontal axis labels:
    1. Click the Horizontal axis arrow.
    2. Format the font, font size, format font style , and text color .
    3. To switch the sequence of the vertical bars in the column chart, select Reverse axis order.
    4. Click Slant labels and select an angle to change the orientation of the text.
    Format the horizontal axis labels.

    Labels will not slant if Maximize is a chart style option.

    Vertical Axis

    The vertical axis labels are at the side of the column chart and are used to identify the value each bar represents. The font, size, format, and color of the label can be customized. In addition, the scale used to display the data can be adjusted.

    Format the vertical axis labels and scale.

    Format the vertical axis labels and scale.

  12. Format the vertical axis labels:
    1. Click the Vertical axis or Right vertical axis arrow.
    2. Format the font, font size, format font style , and text color .
    3. Typically the minimum value is zero. Set a higher minimum value in the Min box if you want to only display bars that are greater than zero.
    4. Typically the maximum value is the greatest data value included in the column chart. Set a higher maximum value in the Max box if you want to add space above the tallest vertical bar on the graph.
    Customize the vertical labels.

    Customize the vertical labels.


    The gridlines are horizontal lines in the plot area. They act as a guide for identifying the value of each vertical bar. The amount, position, color, and type of gridlines can be set.

    Format number and color of gridlines.

    Format number and color of gridlines.

  13. Format the gridlines:
    1. Click the Gridlines arrow.
    2. Select Vertical axis or Right vertical axis from the Apply to box.
    3. Pick a number for the Major gridline count.
    4. Set the Major gridline color. Click Major gridline color. Pick an option.
    5. Pick a number for the Minor gridline count.
    6. Set the Minor gridline color. Click Major gridline color. Pick an option.


    Activities that Use the Chart Editor Sidebar

    Do you want to teach graphing to your students using Google Sheets? TechnoKids has many projects for integrating spreadsheets into curriculum. Increase candy sales with TechnoCandy. Launch a business venture in TechnoRestaurateur. Develop a budget for a shopping spree in TechnoBudget. Analyze data in TechnoQuestionnaire.

Integrate Photoshop into Curriculum

Integrate Photoshop into curriculum to get the most use out of your licensing. If your school or district is paying for Adobe Photoshop CC subscriptions you want to use this software regularly. It is expensive to provide to students. For this reason, do not limit its use to just one teacher, assignment, unit, or course.

Adobe Photoshop CC is more than just photo editing software. It is a powerful creativity tool that can be used to support learning. Use these suggestions to integrate Photoshop into curriculum.

Integrate Photoshop into Curriculum

Integrate Photoshop into Curriculum

Photo Editing Class

Include Photoshop software as part of a photo editing class. Experiment with techniques to filter, retouch, recolor, and superimpose images. These skills can then be transferred to other academic classes to produce one-of-a-kind publications.

Digital Photography Course

Integrate Photoshop software into curriculum for a digital photography course. Teach the history of photography and how to use a digital camera. Afterwards, have students use their skills to assemble a collection of photos. They can then use Photoshop to enhance the quality, correct imperfections, and produce artistic effects.

Yearbook Workshop

Offer a yearbook workshop that teaches photo editing techniques using Photoshop software. Include activities that provide an understanding of tools and program features. These skills can then be applied by students to enhance the quality of images included in school publications.

Web Design Unit

Introduce Photoshop software prior to beginning a web design unit. Teach digital manipulation techniques. These skills can then be used to create original images for web purposes.

Visual Arts Program

Infuse technology into a traditional arts program. Integrate Photoshop into curriculum. Have students engage in the creative process by exploring digital art tools. Apply the elements of design to produce beautiful artwork.

Activities to Integrate Photoshop into Curriculum

Are you looking for activities to introduce photo editing techniques to your students? TechnoPhotoshop, published by TechnoKids Inc., is a technology project that has step-by-step instructions. The detailed assignments make learning Photoshop fast and easy.

Teach Blog Formatting Techniques to Students

Teach blog formatting techniques to students as part of a blogging unit. This knowledge will guide them when organizing the content of their post. It will also focus students’ thinking towards their audience and the purpose of their writing.

Blog formatting techniques can be used to hook the reader’s interest and draw their attention. You want students not only to think about what their audience wants to read, but also HOW the audience wants to read it. Blog readers want to get information FAST! Teach your students how to format a post to make it appealing to readers.

There are six tricks for formatting a blog post. Explicitly teach these techniques to students to improve their writing. The trick is to use numbers in the title, headings, highlighted words, bullet lists, numbered lists, and pictures.

Numbers in the Title

Numbers in the title is a valuable technique that students should often use when writing a blog post. Not only does it appeal to the audience, but it also provides a helpful framework for organizing ideas. Your students do not need to use a number in EVERY title for EVERY blog post they write. This overuse would eventually reduce reader interest. However, it is a formatting technique they need to know.

Numbers in the title trigger the reader’s attention and provides structure to the post. For example, the title 3 Secrets to Become a Successful Blogger is better than Secrets to Become a Successful Blogger. By including a number in the title, it shows the blogger has included only the most vital information. As well, the number lets a reader know the content in the post will be organized in a logical order that is easy to scan.

Encourage your students to follow these tips for using numbers in the title:

  • Use a digit instead of a word. For example, 7 Easy Ways to Improve Your Blog is better than Seven Easy Ways to Improve Your Blog. The digit is faster to read and attracts attention.
  • Small numbers are better than large numbers when giving advice. For example, 3 Tips to Become a Pro is better than 33 Tips to Become a Pro. The smaller number tells the reader you are sharing essential information and the post won’t waste their time.
  • Large numbers are better than small numbers when sharing resources. For example, 25 Fun Online Games for Kids is better than 2 Fun Online Games for Kids. The larger number tells the reader that there is lots of value in the post and it is worth their time.
  • Odd numbers are better than even numbers. For example, 5 Powerful Reasons to Use Odd Numbers is better than 6 Powerful Reasons to Use Odd Numbers. Odd numbers such as 3, 5, and 7 chunk information into groups that people can easily understand. The only exception to this tip is the number 10. Readers are attracted to this even number.


Headings organize a post by dividing the information into small chunks. The heading names identify the content of each section. Students are likely familiar with using headings when they write a report. This type of publication tends to have more text than a blog post. However, even if a blog post is short, encourage your students to include at least one or two headings. Not only does this technique improve readability for blog readers, it is also a useful organizational tool for bloggers.

Headings save blog readers time. Instead of reading every word in the post, they can choose to read the part that is most relevant. When teaching this formatting technique, have students practice writing concise, meaningful headings.

Highlighted Words

Highlighted words draw the reader’s attention to the most important content. It makes the text stand out on the page by using a different color or font style such as bold or italic. Highlighted words help a reader to scan a post to find essential information.

Teaching this technique is an excellent way to improve writing style. By choosing which text to format, students are encouraged to think about the main message or purpose of their writing. They must be able to highlight one or two sentences or phrases that capture the essence of the blog post. If a student cannot identify text to highlight, then they need to change their word choice to be concise and clear.

Bullet List

A bullet list displays content in short points. This formatting technique provides lots of information in a concise format, which saves the blog reader time. Instead of reading an entire paragraph, a list can be scanned for key details. This formatting technique is often discouraged from being used in school assignments such as reports, short stories, or essays. Typically, it is limited to the planning and organization stage of writing such as collecting research facts or grouping ideas.

It is a good idea to teach students how to effectively use bullet lists in a blog post as they might be reluctant to use this technique. A bullet list can be used in a blog post to:

  • provide details
  • outline features
  • offer tips

To help your students, you may want to establish the guideline that no point should be more than one or two lines of text. Emphasize that each point should be brief. In addition, the text does not need to be a complete sentence.

Numbered List

A numbered list sequences information in a logical order. This formatting technique clearly organizes content, which makes it simple for a blog reader to follow. In addition, it is an excellent way for a blog writer to arrange a post into identifiable chunks.

Teach students when it is appropriate to use this formatting technique. If students used a number in the title, then they should also use a numbered heading to create consistency. As well, a numbered list can be used to outline how-to steps or rank items. For example,
a numbered list can be used to explain the top 3 reasons to use numbered lists:

Top 3 Reasons to Use Numbered Lists

  1. sequence information in a logical order
  2. provide a framework to organize content
  3. allow readers to quickly scan content


Pictures attract reader attention and provide instant knowledge about the topic of the post. A picture informs readers about the content. An image makes information easier to understand and more memorable. Images can be a photo, illustration, diagram, screenshot, map, graph, infographic, decorative quote, or animated gif.

When teaching this formatting technique, discuss copyright. Not all images are permitted by the copyright holder to be included into student blogs. Instruct your students on how to verify usage rights when using pictures taken from the Internet. Another option is to use original photos or images only in blog posts.

blog formatting techniques

Teach Blog Formatting Techniques

Blog Formatting Techniques and Your Students

Include a blogging unit into your language arts program. By explicitly teaching blog formatting techniques your students will focus their attention on their audience and the purpose of the blog post. Moreover, it will improve their writing style as they use their skills to phrase content concisely and clearly. A safe blogging service is Kidblog. For blogging activities that include blog formatting techniques, check out the TechnoBlog project by TechnoKids Inc.